EU (Withdrawal) Bill: Progress of European Union (Withdrawal) Bill
Decision Maker: Legislation, Justice and Constitution Committee - Fifth Senedd
Status: Recommendations approved
Is Key decision?: Yes
Formerly known as the Great Repeal Bill, the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill (PDF, 303KB) is a UK Government Bill that aims to repeal the European Communities Act 1972, convert existing EU law into domestic UK law and give ministers power to make secondary legislation.
The UK Government published its White Paper, Legislating for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union (PDF, 379KB), on 30 March 2017.
Throughout the process, the External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee and the Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee consulted together, before producing separate outputs.
Initial evidence from the public
Both Committees held a public consultation to gather evidence on this topic.
The Committees considered the way in which the Bill deals with:
- the treatment of devolution;
- the delegation of powers and their control; and
- the scrutiny processes and the role of the devolved legislatures.
The External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee began work on the Bill in March 2017 with a view to ensuring that the implications for Wales are understood and acted upon by the UK Government.
In June 2017 the Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee set out the principles that should underpin the Bill as part of its scrutiny of the Great Repeal Bill White Paper.
The re-named European Union (Withdrawal) Bill received its first reading in the House of Commons on 13 July 2017.
Following this, both the External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee and the Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee issued a call for further written evidence in July 2017 and held a stakeholder conference to debate the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill on 18 September 2017.
The Committees were joined by Welsh stakeholders and leading constitutional and legal experts from across the UK to explore the implications of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill for Wales.
Legislative Consent Memorandum
On 12 September 2017, the First Minister, The Rt. Hon Carwyn Jones AM, laid before the National Assembly a Legislative Consent Memorandum in respect of the Bill. The Business Committee referred the LCM to the External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee and Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee for consideration on 19 September 2017.
After consulting jointly on the Bill, both Committees produced separate outputs:
The External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee published its interim report on the EU Withdrawal Bill: Legislative Consent Memorandum (PDF, 426KB) on 15 December 2017.
The Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee published its report on the EU Withdrawal Bill: Legislative Consent Memorandum (PDF, 443KB) on 18 December 2017.
Both Committees recommended that the Assembly withhold its consent for the Bill in its current form.
In October 2017, the Chair of the External Affairs Committee wrote to all (PDF, 156KB) Welsh MPs with six objectives (PDF, 723KB) for changing the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill. Alongside these objectives the Committee sent suggested amendments (PDF, 83KB) to achieve its six objectives.
The Committee’s suggested amendments were tabled by Stephen Kinnock MP, but were not accepted at Committee stage. The Bill passed the House of Commons in 17 January 2018 before entering the House of Lords.
The Committee agreed to write to (PDF, 170KB) Members of the House of Lords to draw their attention to the objectives of the Committee. These letters were sent on 19 February 2018 prior to the second reading in the House of Lords.
On 23 March 2018, the Committee sent additional correspondence (PDF, 151KB) to members of the House of Lords regarding the amendment of clause 11 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill.
On 16 April 2018, the Committee held a scrutiny session with the Cabinet Secretary for Finance focussing on the EU Withdrawal Bill and a range of issues relating to Brexit.
On 30 April 2018, the Committee held an evidence session with Robin Walker MP and Chloe Smith MP to discuss the EU Withdrawal Bill, the United Kingdom’s future relationship with Europe and the implications of trade policy on Wales.
On 14 May 2018, the External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee held a scrutiny session with the First Minister for Wales. The session focused on the implications of UK trade policy and the EU Withdrawal Bill.
Law Derived from the European Union (Wales) Bill
On 7 March 2018, the Welsh Government introduced the Law Derived from the European Union (Wales) Bill (PDF, 150KB). The bill intended to preserve EU law covering subjects devolved to Wales on the withdrawal of the UK from the EU.
The Committee discussed the Bill during a scrutiny session with the Cabinet Secretary for Finance.
The Stage 1 debate on the Law Derived from the European Union (Wales) Bill took place on 13 March 2018.
Stage 2 consideration of the Bill took place in the Committee of the Whole Assembly on 20 March 2018.
Stage 3 and 4 consideration of the Bill took place on 21 March 2018 before passing the Assembly on the same day.
A Supplementary Legislative Consent Memorandum
On 27 April 2018, the Welsh Government laid before the National Assembly a Legislative Consent Memorandum (PDF, 269KB) (Memorandum no.2) on the Bill.
The Welsh Government agreed to consent to the Bill following an agreement (PDF, 125KB) to amend the EU Withdrawal Bill between the Welsh and UK Governments’.
The External Affairs and Additional Legislation Committee published its report: European Union (Withdrawal) Bill - Progress towards delivering our six objectives (PDF, 437KB), on 14 May 2018.
On the day the report was published, David Rees AM, Chair of the Committee, said:
“The Committee can see that considerable progress has been made and we accept that negotiations require give and take on all sides, with compromise being reached to deliver an agreeable settlement.”
“However, the committee’s objectives have not been met in full and we remain particularly concerned that the Assembly’s ability to pass laws in devolved policy areas such agriculture could be constrained by the UK Parliament, even in circumstances where the Assembly has refused consent for such constraints to be imposed.”
On 15 May 2018, a Legislative Consent Motion on the EU (Withdrawal) Bill was agreed during Plenary, granting the Assembly’s consent for the Bill.
The EU (Withdrawal) Bill received Royal Assent on 26 June 2018, becoming an Act.
The Committee considered the research brief.
Publication date: 14/12/2017
Date of decision: 11/12/2017
Decided at meeting: 11/12/2017 - Legislation, Justice and Constitution Committee - Fifth Senedd